Find a unique concept to define this term is not an easy task and it is not the objective of this study. Being largely focused on large areas of Human Sciences, Biological Sciences, Exact and Earth Sciences, Engineering, Health Sciences, Agricultural Sciences, Social Sciences, Linguistics, among other associates (1); Humanization is emphasized in various approaches and emerging trends that guide this term according to their area of expertise.
This knowledge comes from human development is the ontogeny of evolutionary processes, ie, describes the stages or trajectories of the individual’s life cycle, considering it as a biological being over a given time and space, which entails emphasizing the biological changes, temporal, cultural and social (2).
In this process, the human being seeks to improve all their skills by interacting with the environment in which it is. For this, it has instruments, natural or not, they serve as facilitators for achieving results.
From this premise, one of the tools is communication, considered as the procedural relationship between a sender and a receiver at a specific point in time (3), which enables the exchange of relevant information, making them useful, that is, assigning -the meaning that produces a knowledge. These come from biological and human factors, in this case consider the information as a subsidy for the creation of knowledge (4).
Zang Yuexiao defined that the information can generate knowledge. To understand this phenomenon, the author based on concepts related to human activity, more philosophical form (5), representing it in fifteen types and their interrelations, as shown in Fig. 01 (5.6).
Briefly, Philosophical type information may contain a meaning which has the content (semantics) or is characterized by the communication process (non semantic) (6). The Biological type is characterized by stress information and processes in living organisms, while non-biological stresses and processes the information on inanimate objects. However, Biological type information is subdivided into human and not human, defined by the communication between living beings, which is the focus of the theme.
The type of Human Information differs by social, non-social, mental and non-mental. non-social human is defined by information and their anthropological characters, genetic, physiological and neurological. social human is language, culture, economics, politics. Human mind is conceptual and cognitive information. non-human mental considers environmental information coming from their interaction with the man and his physical activities.
The Mental Human type and the Social Human kind when they interact, they produce forms of knowledge through information received that modify the knowledge of its receptor (knowledge) or one whose information is as expressions, gender messages of greetings, gifts in relations daily, but they do not change the knowledge of the receiver (not knowing). They may be of scientific type (transmitted through channels / scientific media) or not scientific.
In this unique way, the information worked form that individual assembly and its culture, as objects, instruments, science, values, habits and customs, logic languages. So we created our humanity, through human activity itself, by all the characteristics and qualities expressed by the skills, abilities and skills that have been forming throughout history (6.7).
Whatever the philosophical, biological or human concept analysis can produce knowledge (not) the individual, reflecting her whole (society). According to Karl Marx (8), “Man lives from nature.” In this context it understands that nature is his body, which has to remain constantly exchange, aiming to ease the suffering, prevent illness and delay as much as possible to die.
But when the sick is inevitable, the group of individuals is taken by the same feeling, the need to help the restore health. This may mean humanization?
However, starting with the semantic context, the denotative of Humanization means “the act or effect of humanizing” and humanize means (9):
1. Making human, become benevolent, become affable, giving the human condition.
2. humanize yourself, Civilize.
So what is the “human condition” which is defined? One that is characterized by the kind willingness to promote the happiness and prosperity of others or by generosity and pleasure in doing good deeds? Because it is an individual evolution, want to get out of egocentrism and belong to a social group, makes it a Humanized be Human?
But what is it?
According to Betts (2003), “… without communication there is no Humanization” is based on the exchange of information communication ability (verbal or nonverbal) between individuals. This commitment, theoretically established, with the person who is suffering, goes through individual motivation stages or both parties. This motivation can result from pious compassion of feeling for the suffering or the idea that thus contribute to the common good and the well-being in general; by nato stimulating scientific research objectivity which excludes the subjectivity (ex .: evidence-based medicine) and finally, genuine solidarity (10).
Baraúna (2005) states that “humanization is a gradual building process, carried out through the sharing of knowledge and feelings” (11). In this context, to humanize is to have a predisposition to contribute (the feeling and knowledge) with other ethically, individually and independently, recognizing the limits, his and his, composing an empathy between individuals, allowing exchange of information.
Corroborating Baremblitt (2010) citing “To everyone is given access to what they need according to their needs and to each of the conditions to develop and exercise their ability” (12). It is understood that each individual has basic subsistence needs that must be addressed and differences that characterize one another; these differences become peculiarities that distinguish them individually, making it possible to channel the guidelines to develop the skills and put them into practice, especially in the care of health.
Whatever, Humanization can be understood as a construction knowledge and approaches emerging from individual to individual, depending on the individual needs of each other.
Addressing the Humanization is to analyze human evolution itself, emphasize ethics and interpersonal relationships; It not ruled out the issue, only allowed more scope for progress in other areas and / or topics of interest to the scientific technical development, stalling the human relationship issues (13). Allow the intersection of ethics, respect, dignity, individualism among individuals promotes the humanization. Therefore, it is noteworthy that even the society valuing the capitalist power for their survival, or in any field of public or private businesses, the question will always come back to the community quality, and the human being as the main focus and wealth of a society.
Tetzlaff AAS (Hi Technologies). O que é Humanização? [online] 2010 Maio. [acessado em dia, mês ano]. Disponível em: http://hitechnologies.com.br/humanizacao/o-que-e-humanizacao/
1 Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico: Áreas de Conhecimento [homepage]. Brasilia: Ministério das Ciência e Tecnologia; 2006 [24 nov. 2009]. Disponível em: http://www.cnpq.br/areasconhecimento/
2 Dessen MA, Guedea MTD. A ciência do desenvolvimento humano: ajustando o foco de análise. Paidéia (Ribeirão Preto) [internet] Abr. 2005 [acessado em 26 abr. 2010]. Disponível em: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-863X2005000100004&lng=en&nrm=iso.
3 Hall, R. H. Organizações: estrutura e processos. 3. ed. Rio de Janeiro: Prentice Hall, 1984.
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5 Yuexiao Z.. Definitions and sciences of information. Information Processing & Management. 1988, 24 (04): 479-491.
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8 Carli R. Prometeus. Filosofia em revista. 2009, 2 (4): 14-26
9 Moderno Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa [homepage]. São Paulo: Melhoramentos; c2009 [atualizado em 2010; acessado 19 abr. 2010] Disponível em: http://michaelis.uol.com.br/moderno/portugues/index.php.
10 Betts J. Considerações sobre o que é o humano e o que é humanizar. Humaniza [online] 2003. [acessodo em 26 abr. 2010] Disponível em: http://www.portalhumaniza.org.br/ph/texto.asp?id=37
11 Baraúna T. Humanizar a ação, para Humanizar o ato de Cuidar. Coruña, España: Creacción Integral e Innovació; [acesso em 19 abr. 2010]. Disponível em: http://www.iacat.com/revista/recrearte/recrearte02/tania01.htm.
12 Baremblitt G. Que se entende por humanidade e humanização? (Portal Humaniza) [internet] [acesso em 19 abr. 2010]. Disponível em: http://www.portalhumaniza.org.br/ph/texto.asp?id=46
13 Costa WS. Humanização, Relacionamento Interpessoal e Ética. Caderno de Pesquisas em Administração. 2004, 1 (1): 17-21